Please note: a necessary metallurgy qualification (like a Materials Science and Engineering degree with a major in metallurgy) is needed to become a metallurgist.

Metallurgists extract and process metals. They investigate and examine the performance of metals such as iron, steel, aluminium, nickel and copper and use them to produce a wide range of useful products.

Metallurgists also research methods for extracting and refining metals from ores, and work on developing and implementing these methods in a variety of organisational and industrial settings.

Metallurgists are at the forefront of new technologies, developing metals for new applications, and are often involved in the enhanced manufacture of household products like washing machines and refrigerators. Metallurgy work can be found in research and development, design and manufacture, production management and quality assurance. 

They may specialise in chemical, physical or process metallurgy.

Chemical metallurgists (sometimes known as extraction metallurgists) are involved in the extraction of useable metals from ores and study metal corrosion and fatigue.

Physical metallurgists monitor the behaviour of metals under stress and study changes in temperature and may be involved in inventing new products and improving manufacturing techniques.

Process metallurgists shape and join metals and select the best metal for the job.