Environmental scientists are concerned with the study of the environment. They may conduct studies to investigate the impact of human activity and examine processes such as climate change and erosion on different environments.
Environmental science careers range from developing renewable energy to finding ways of protecting the environment from pollution. Because of that, many major manufacturing firms require the work of an environmental scientist, or they may employ an entire team dedicated to protecting the environment from the hazards of industry.
The work of an environmental scientist can include everything from environmental engineering and a range of sustainability jobs. Those hoping to work in this field will have to understand the local and governmental guidelines around environmental protection, know the necessary methods for data collecting and management, and know how to design and implement testing of many different types.
The industries that offer the most environmental science jobs include consulting, engineering, mining, and construction. The current industries most heavily involved with environmental science include water, gas, electric, recreation, science and technical services, and public administration and safety.
If you want to become an environmental scientist you need a bachelor degree in a relevant field. Studying earth sciences is essential, but so too is biology, chemistry, mathematics, and geography. You can also specialise in areas as diverse as biotechnology or microbiology. You will also need to specialise in engineering if you want to work in the engineering sector, or in geology if you are considering enter the mining sector.
Employment opportunities for environmental scientists are expanding due to the ongoing growth of the industries that rely on the work done by those with environmental science qualifications, and also due to the need for ongoing environmental protection and sustainable development.